Types of Arthritis

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of inflammatory arthritis and an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease is one where the body's immune system becomes confused and begins to "attack" the body. In AS, the joints in the spine are the target of the immune attack, resultin...

Behçet's Disease

Behçet's disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder. Most symptoms of this autoimmune disease are caused by vasculitis or inflammation of the blood vessels. The effects of the disease may include blindness, stroke, swelling of the spinal cord, and intestinal complications.

Childhood Arthritis

Childhood Arthritis

Many people think that arthritis is something only old people get. Children and teenagers get a type of arthritis called juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).

Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH)

DISH (sometimes called Forestier's disease) is considered a form of degenerative arthritis and is characterized by excessive bone growth along the sides of the vertebrae of the spine.

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome  is a group of hereditary disorders that mainly affect the skin and joints, but may also affect other organs. The disorder affects the connective tissues that support such parts of the body as the skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments. 

Felty's Syndrome

Felty's syndrome (FS) is a complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is defined by the presence of three conditions: rheumatoid arthritis, an enlarged spleen and an abnormally low white blood count.



Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic condition that affects the central nervous system. The defining symptom of FM is widespread pain that is experienced throughout the body. The pain can vary from person to person, may move around the body from time to time and may change in intens...


Gout is an inflammatory type of arthritis caused by uric acid crystals. Painful attacks occur when uric acid crystallizes in the joints. Recurring gout attacks can cause permanent joint damage.

Infectious Arthritis

Infectious arthritis is a form of joint inflammation caused by a germ. The germ can be a bacterium, a virus or a fungus. Infection of the joints usually occurs after a previous infection elsewhere in the body.


There are many types of lupus. The most common is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic autoimmune disease, which means the body attacks and damages its own tissues. As a result, inflammation can occur in the skin, joints, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels and the n...

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