Polymyalgia RheumaticaView All Arthritis Types
Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory syndrome characterized by severe pain and stiffness in the proximal musculature of arms and legs. There is no associated weakness in the muscles.
It is currently believed that polymyalgia rheumatica may be associated with underlying inflammation in blood vessels.
The name polymyalgia rheumatica has its roots in Greek words. In Greek 'poly' means 'many', 'my' refers to ' muscle' and 'algia' means 'pain' (many muscle pain) and 'rheumatica'refers to 'muscle and soft tissue'.
There is a rare (less than 5%) association with another syndrome called giant cell arteritis. This syndrome causes inflammation in the blood vessels on the scalp and in the vessels leading to the brain. The inflammation in these blood vessels can lead to narrowing and reduced blood supply distal to the narrowing. This can cause loss of vision in an eye and rarely other blockages.
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